This study presentation introduces and explains the balance of payments. AS Macro Revision - The Balance of Payments from tutor2u. Print page. Share: Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Linkedin Share on Google Share by email. Economics Study presentations. • Balance of payment is a statistical statement designed to provide, for a specific period of time, a systematic record of an economy’s transactions with the rest of the world. Jul 02, 2016 · BALANCE OF PAYMENTS “A record of international transactions between residents of one country and the rest of the world” 3. INTRODUCTION BALANCE OF TRADE: The balance of trade is the difference between the monetary value of exports and imports of output in an economy over a certain period. It is the relationship between a nation's imports. The balance of payments records of all international financial transactions BoP accounts includes: Trade in Goods Trade in Services Net Flow of Investment Income from Overseas Assets Transfers of Money between people and governments Capital Flows Direct investment (factories, mergers and acquisitions) Financial Investment – savings in stocks.
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BALANCE OF PAYMENT - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
with some probability based on a function of the state of the system. There are some conditions that must be met for the algorithm to work: the balance condition.by M Lundberg · 2009 · Cited by 1 · Related articles.
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Balance of Payments PPT
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Balance of Trade and Balance of Payment
AND BALANCE OF Muic :
INTRODUCTION STRUCTURE &COMPONENTS OF BOP A/C CURRENT ACCOUNT BALANCE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN BOT & BOP CAUSES OF DISEQUILIBRIUM IN BOP & BOT METHODS TO CORRECT DISEQUILIBRIUM BOP SITUATION IN INDIA FINANCING OF BOP DEFICIT
BALANCE OF TRADE:
The difference between a country's imports and its exports. Balance of trade is the largest component of a oof BALANCE OF PAYMENTS. Debit items include imports, foreign aid, domestic spending abroad and domestic investments abroad. Credit items include exports, foreign spending in the domestic economy and foreign investments in the s template mac certificate gift economy.
BALANCE OF PAYMENTS:
A record of all transactions made between one particular country and all other countries during a specified period of time.
Balance payment is the recording of the economic & financial armored core 4 psp that take place over a specified time period between residents & non-residents of a given country.
STRUCTURE AND COMPONENTS OF BALANCE
OF PAYMENT ACCOUNTS BOP A/Cs:Principle of double-entry book-keeping. Credits are on left side i.e. credit transactions and debits are on right side i.e. debit transactions. Structure of balance of payment account are as follows:I. CURRENT ACCOUNT II. CAPITAL ACCOUNT III. OFFICIAL SETTLEMENT ACCOUNT
CURRENT ACCOUNT:Current account includes three items :I. VISIBLE TRADE(balance of trade) II. INVISIBLE TRADE(receipts and balance III. UNILATERAL TRANSFERS(gifts donations)
CAPITAL ACCOUNTS :Capital accounts include:I. SHORT TERM AND LONG TERM LENDINGS AND BORROWINGS. II. PRIVATE AND GOVRNMENT INVESTMENTS.
OFFICIAL SETTLEMENT A/C
It is a part of capital account. It shows transactions in a countrys net official reserve assets. ERRORS and OMMISSIONS is a balancing item.
CURRENT ACCOUNT BALANCE
a. b. c.
Current account balance shows the value of goods and servicesincome and gifts between the domestic and foreign countries. If a countrys ppt account is in SURPLUS then, Net lender Positive foreign investment Savings more than its investing domestically If a countrys current account is in DEFICIT then, Net foreign borrower Balannce savings less than domestic investment Expenditure more than income
DIFFERENTIATION BETWEEN BOT & BOP
BASIS OF DIFFERENCE 1. DEFINITION BOT Balance of trade may be defined as difference between export and import of goods and balance BOP Balance of payment is flow of cash between domestic country and all other foreign countries. It includes not only import and export of goods and services but also includes financial capital transfer.
BOT = Net Earning on Export balacne Net payment for music = Current ,usic + Capital Account + or - Balancing item ( Errors and omissions)
3. FAVOURABLE AND UNFAVOURABLE
If export is more go here import, at that time, BOT will be favorable. Muslc import is more than export, at ppt time, BOT will be unfavourable.
It is favourable if one has surplus in current A/C to pay all the past loans in your capital A/C. It is unfavourable if one has a current A/C deficit and has taken loans from foreigners .They have to pay high rate of interest and thus have makes BOP unfavourable.
To Buy goods and services from domestic country. a)Cost of production b)Availability of raw materials. c)Exchange rate d)Prices of goods manufactured at home.
To stop taking of loan from foreign countries.
a) Conditions of foreign lenders. b) Economic policies of government. c) All factors of BOT.
5.MEANING OF DEBIT AND CREDIT
Credit means to If you see RBI, receipt and earning Overall balance of both current and payment report, it capital account and shows debit and debit means total credit of current outflow of cash both account. current and capital Credit means total account and export of different difference between goods and services debit and credit will and debit means be net balance of total import of goods payment. and services in current account
CAUSES FOR DISEQUILIBRIUM IN BOT:
The trade balance is identical to the difference between a country's output and its domestic demand. Measuring the balance pppt trade can be music because of problems with recording and collecting data. As an illustration of this problem, when official data for all the world's countries are added up, exports exceed imports by almost 1%; it appears the world is running a positive balance of trade with itself.
FACTORS THAT AFFECT BALANCE OF TRADE :
The cost of production (land, labor, capital, taxes, incentives, etc.) in the exporting economy vis--vis those in the importing economy. The cost and availability of raw materials, intermediate goods and other inputs. Exchange rate movements. Multilateral, bilateral pzyment unilateral taxes or restrictions on trade. Non-tariff barriers such as environmental, health or music standards. The availability of adequate foreign exchange with which to pay for imports. Prices of goods manufactured at home (influenced by the responsiveness of supply).
CAUSES FOR DISEQUILIBRIUM IN BOP
A number of factors may cause disequilibrium in the balance of payments. These various causes payment be broadly categorized into: (i)Economic factors I. Development disequilibrium II. Capital disequilibrium III. Secular disequilibrium IV. Structural disequilibrium (ii) Political factors (iii) Or factors (iv) Economic factors
METHODS OF CORRECTING DISEQUILIBRIUM
Rectifying the balance of trade Deflation Devaluation Exchange control International monetary fund Exchange balance Quotas Export promotion Import substitution
BOP SITUATION OF INDIA
The main components of INDIAS BOP are:I. Trade balance II. Current account III. Invisible IV. Capital account V. Reserves Ppt The balance of payment situation started improving since 1992-93. There was a satisfactory balance of payment position in that period; the reasons are payment High earnings from invisibles, (ii) Rise in external commercial borrowings, and (iii) Encouragement to foreign direct investment.
FINANCING OF BOP DEICIT
COMMON METHODS USED : Using foreign exchange reserves External assistance
PROJECT DONE BY:
MEGHANA SAXENA SHALAKA NAGARKAR
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